Common Eye Conditions Glossary

Accommodative Dysfunction- An eye focusing problem that is unrelated to changes in the lens of the eye due to aging.

Astigmatism- a vision condition that causes blurred vision due either to the irregular shape of the cornea (the clear front cover of the eye) or sometimes the curvature of the lens inside the eye.

Blepharitis- An inflammation of the eyelids and eyelashes causing red, irritated itchy eyelids and dandruff-like scales on eyelashes.

Cataract- A cloudy or opaque area in the normally clear  lens of the eye located behind the iris.

Conjunctivitis- Swelling or inflammation of the conjunctiva, causes may or may not be infectious.

Color Vision Deficiency- A group of eye and vision-related problems that result from prolonged computer use.

Corneal Abrasion- A cut or scratch on the cornea, the clear front cover of the eye.

Dry Eye- A condition in which there are insufficient tears to lubricate and nourish the eye.

Floaters and Spots- Shadowy images that appear in the field of vision caused by particles floating in the fluid that fills the inside of the eye.

Glaucoma- A group of disorders leading to progressive damage to the optic nerve. It is characterized by loss of nerve tissue that results in vision loss.

Hyperopia- A vision condition in which distant objects are seen clearly, but close objects are blurred.

Macular Degeneration- An eye disease affecting the macula (the light-sensitive retina at the back of the eye), causing loss of vision.

Myopia- A vision condition in which close objects are seen clearly, but objecgs farther away are blurred.

Presbyopia- An age-related vision condition in which the eye gradually loses the ability to focus on near objects.

Retinal Detachment- A tearing or separation of the retina (the light-sensitive lining at the back of the eye) from the underlying tissue.

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